Types of Job Interviews

types of job interview

When it comes to job interviews, there are various types of interviews that you may come across. Knowing what to expect can help you prepare better and increase your chances of success. As a job seeker, it is crucial that you are aware of and ready for all possible formats and kinds of interviews because they occur frequently.

There are all different types of interviews; sometimes there is only one interviewer, and other times there are five. You might get a lunch invitation, be asked to fix a problem, or get an online interview. Here are some of the different types of job interviews that you should be aware of:

Individual interview

One-on-one interviews, also referred to as traditional interviews, are conducted in person and involve a conversation between a single interviewer and a single applicant. These interviews provide the opportunity for the interviewer to gather information about your background and skills, as well as assess how well you would fit within the organization. An individual interview can be structured, with all candidates being asked the same set of questions, or unstructured, where the interviewer asks follow-up questions based on the responses given. Regardless of the format, the goal is to gather valuable insights to make informed decisions during the hiring process.

Panel discussion

During a panel interview, you can expect to be questioned by multiple individuals from different departments within the company. These individuals may include representatives from human resources, potential managers, and even team members. Each person may ask you questions related to their specific area of expertise. For example, a human resources specialist may inquire about your salary expectations, while a team member may be interested in your collaboration skills. The diversity of perspectives in a panel interview allows for a comprehensive evaluation of your qualifications and suitability for the role.

Group discussion

During group interviews, multiple candidates are interviewed simultaneously for one or more employment opportunities. Employers may utilize this interview format to efficiently screen candidates, interview multiple individuals at once, or evaluate applicants' social and other skills. It's important to note that interviewers will be observing your interactions with fellow candidates. Therefore, it is crucial to show respect, maintain professionalism, and provide original responses to interview questions.

A distanced video interview

When conducting remote interviews, typically for candidates located elsewhere, the interviewer utilizes video calls. This method offers significant advantages for long-distance candidates, saving both time and resources for both the candidate and the employer. It is crucial to maintain professionalism during remote interviews, even from the comfort of your own home. In the event of any technical difficulties, such as internet connection issues or software loading problems, it is important to promptly contact the recruiter.

Phone conversation

Phone interviews are a common type of job interview used to evaluate applicants before proceeding to in-person or video interviews. During a phone interview, the interviewer aims to get to know you and assess whether you meet the baseline qualifications for the position. Typically, the conversation covers essential subjects. Just like with any interview, it's important to prepare questions and establish your ideal salary range. Ensure that the area where you take the call is quiet and free from distractions.

On-the-spot interview

In most cases, on-the-spot interviews occur right after you submit an application, leaving little to no time for preparation. These interviews serve as a swift method to assess candidates' suitability for the job by gaining insights into their personalities. At career or job fairs, you may also encounter similar interviews with recruiters. Before submitting an application, take the time to articulate your motivations for pursuing the position and why you would be an excellent choice, even though this type of interview is not very common.

The Working Interview

During the interview process, it's not uncommon to be assigned a job task, particularly in fields such as arts, engineering, and commerce where assessing skills is straightforward. It's important to be prepared for any tasks that may be assigned, as employers want to ensure your ability to fulfill the responsibilities you claim to possess. In rare cases, you may even be invited to participate in a practice day at the workplace, underscoring the importance of being well-prepared and enthusiastic about making a lasting impression.

A case study interview

In a case study interview, candidates are expected to thoroughly research a potential business scenario and provide alternative solutions as if they were consulting on the matter. These interviews are commonly conducted for positions in management consulting, technology, and investment banking. They serve as a rigorous assessment of the candidate's skills, including problem-solving and critical thinking abilities. During this type of interview, you will typically receive a set of instructions to evaluate and a specific time frame to present your solution.

Informal Interview

Unstructured interviews that simulate informal conversations are commonly referred to as "informal" interviews. These types of interviews often serve as screening processes and can be conducted remotely or in a relaxed off-site setting, such as a coffee shop. Informal interviewers are typically interested in getting to know you better and assessing your compatibility with their workplace culture. Even if the interviewer deviates from the standard interview questions, it's beneficial to be prepared with well-thought-out reasons for your interest in joining the organization.

Interview for behavioural assessment

Behavioral interviews assess your performance in specific job situations. By examining candidates' behavioral patterns and predicting their future responses, interviewers ask about how they handled past situations in their previous employment. For example, if you're asked to describe a time when you dealt with a difficult customer, your response can demonstrate your ability to remain composed in similar circumstances. While they can be conducted independently, behavioral interviews are often incorporated into other types of interviews. Apart from that, here is some advice for job interviews.

Some advice for job interviews

Consider the following advice for job interviews:

Be on time: Being on time for a job interview will demonstrate your professionalism to the hiring manager. Additionally, it demonstrates your regard for their time and your effective time management techniques.

Take a notepad with you. Having a notepad with you during an interview demonstrates your interest in the discussion. To demonstrate your interest, you might record your set of questions and the responses they provide.

Know your interviewer and the company: Knowing your interviewer and the company entails using the names they supply when you address them. When interviewing with the hiring manager, it can be extremely crucial to treat them with respect.


In conclusion, job interviews can be a daunting process for candidates, especially when they are over the age of 40. However, with proper preparation and following these tips, you can increase your chances of landing the job. Remember to maintain professionalism, be well-informed about the company and interviewer, and showcase your skills and experiences confidently. With determination and persistence, you can prove that age is just a number and secure the job of your dreams. Good luck!

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